There are times when bacterial infection threatens the health of the oral ecosystem, and gum disease must be addressed with periodontal therapy. Periodontal therapy has many different forms, but the objective is to restore diseased tissue so that it is healthy and to keep it from spreading to the bones that support our teeth.
Different types of Periodontal Therapies
Many therapies can be used to help restore diseased tissue, ranging from non-surgical techniques (such as scalings – a deep cleaning that removes plaque and tartar under the gums), to a surgical technique that can repair lost gum and bone.
Scaling and Root Planing
To combat gum disease, scaling and root planning are deep cleaning techniques where plaque and tartar are removed from under the gum using hand scalers and/or ultrasonic instruments.
Periodontal Laser Treatment
The two main gum diseases treated with lasers are gingivitis and periodontitis. Gingivitis (reversible) is inflammation and bleeding of the gums, resulting from the buildup of plaque. Gingivitis can spread through bacterial infection to become periodontitis (not reversible), causing a loss of bone around the teeth. Using lasers, the diseased gum tissue is removed and the patient experiences less discomfort and shrinkage than with other surgical procedures.
Gum grafting, or gingival grafting, is a form of periodontal surgery. In areas where the gum tissue has been lost or receded, healthy gum tissue from one area of the mouth is moved and grafted to where it is needed. A gingival graft, can reduce further recession and bone loss.
Crown lengthening is done when a tooth needs to be fixed. Sometimes not enough of the tooth sticks out above the gum to support a filling or a crown, so gum and/or bone tissue is circumferentially removed to increase the height of the tooth.
How to be PROACTIVE when it comes to
Oral Health and Periodontal Health
Monday: 8 a.m. – 2 p.m.
Tuesday: 8 a.m. – 5 p.m.
Wednesday: 10 a.m. – 7 p.m.
Friday: 8 a.m. – 5 p.m.
Saturday: 8 a.m. – 1 p.m.*
*by appointment only